grass species in cameroon
Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Cameroon and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals.. These are the following. , The highest mountain the country is the Mount Cameroon with an elevation of 4,070 meters (13,350 ft). Giant African Water Shrew (Potamogale velox). In the dense forest areas of the rainforest ecoregion the fauna commonly repo… 2001).  According to reported statistics, there were ten protected areas from 1932 to 1960. Destructive farming practices in Cameroon have had a negative impact on the country’s burgeoning biodiversity, and the significant … Thanks for subscribing! Cameroon: Andropadus montanus, Phyllastrephus poliocephalus, Laniarius atroflavus, Malaconotus gladiator, Cossypha isabellae and the subspecies Cisticola chubbi discolor (sometimes considered a separate species C. discolor). Mittendorf's Striped Grass Mouse (Lemniscomys mittendorfi). , The topography of the country extends from the coastline to hill regions with elevations of up to 2,000 meters (6,600 ft). Ndemah R, Schulthess F, Poehling M, Borgemeister C, Goergen G. Bull Entomol Res. Grasses are cosmopolitan from the equator to the arctic circle. Ndemah R, Schulthess F, Korie S, Borgemeister C, Cardwell KF. Birds, birding and bird watching species in Cameroon Country checklists iGoTerra We are delighted that our Corporate Sponsor iGoTerra has made its country checklists, including subspecies (IOC or Clements) as well as all other species groups like mammals, butterflies etc. Cursor grass mouse. Cameroon has more than 900 bird species which belong to 76 families. species translation in English-Kom (Cameroon) dictionary. Text, images and maps give biological, ecological and geographical information. Hartweg's Soft-furred Mouse (Praomys hartwigi). Moderately sized rodent, with a head-body length of 11 to 13 cm, and a tail 8 to 11 cm long. Minor field studies No. This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Cameroon.There are 327 mammal species in Cameroon, of which four are critically endangered, sixteen are endangered, twenty-three are vulnerable, and fourteen are near threatened.. Wikipedia. Cameroon Projects. , Primates reported are: De Brazza's monkey (Cercopithecus neglectus), the black colobus (Colobus satanas); the patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas); the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla); the Angolan colobus (Colobus angolensis); the moustached monkey (Cercopithecus cephus); the Gabon bushbaby (Galago gabonensis); the mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona); and the western needle-clawed galago (Euoticus elegantulus). The following Napier Grass varieties are available in Kenya for use; French Cameroon Has thin stems & not very hairy. On Mount Cameroon the characteristic species of this zone include Philippa mannii and the endemic Satureja robusta (Lamiaceae). Guatemala grass has long been referred to as Tripsacum laxum Nash in the literature, but it is now considered that plants once described under that name belong to Tripsacum andersonii J. R. Gray.As of 2013, GRIN recognizes Tripsacum andersonii J. R. Gray as the main Guatemala grass species, with Tripsacum laxum Nash as a distinct species.However, the situation remains confusing. Loves water. As is generally the case for organisms that inhabit subsurface environments, the diversity of soil organisms is poorly known rela… , Other small mammals present include Stuhlmann's golden mole (Chrysochloris stuhlmanni); the long-tailed pangolin (Manis tetradactyla) and the African clawless otter (Aonyx capensis). The most endangered species in the world. Wherever flowering plants will grow, grasses can be found. (Endemic to Cameroon.) Ecology of the African Maize Stalk Borer, Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with Special Reference to Insect-Plant Interactions. This covers a total area of 2,800,000 ha (6,918,951 acres) encompassing the Dzanga Sangha Special Reserve (the second largest area in the world) in the Central African Republic, which incorporates within its ambit the Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in the Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) and the Lobéké National Park in Cameroon. Weeping lovegrass, Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) These peoples can be divided into three smaller subgroups: Bamilike, Bamum, and Bamenda Tikar. Birkett MA, Chamberlain K, Khan ZR, Pickett JA, Toshova T, Wadhams LJ, Woodcock CM. The distribution of this protected area within Cameroon covers: The Lowland forest zones of Dja (5,260 square kilometres (2,030 sq mi)) with corridors connecting to the Nki and Minkébé protected areas, the Nki National Park covering 1,950 square kilometres (750 sq mi) with ecological corridors to Dja and Boumba–Bek, the Boumba Bek National Park covering 2,330 square kilometres (900 sq mi), and the Lobéké National Park covering 2,100 square kilometres (810 sq mi) (integrated with the Trinational Park of Cameroon, the Central African Republic, and the Republic of Congo and linked with an Eco-corridor to Boumba–Bek Reserve; the Campo Ma'an National Park of 3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), which borders with the Rio de Campo of Equatorial Guinea; and the Savanna Zone comprising the Waza National Park of 1,700 square kilometres (660 sq mi) near Chad border, Faro National Park of 3,300 square kilometres (1,300 sq mi) area with common boundary with Nigeria, and the Kalamaloué National Park of 45 square kilometres (17 sq mi) on the Chad border. The habitat consists of three regions. The region is categorized as critical/endangered, but the area under full protection is not great. , Ape Action Africa is one such non-profit NGO which was established in 1996 with the primary objective of conservation of endangered gorillas and chimpanzees, which are threatened by the bushmeat trade in Central and West Africa. Nlonako. In Cameroon, rangelands occupy about 20 % of surface area; provide critical habitat to many animal and plant species; offer many vital goods and services to society and are home to pastoralists, agro-pastoralists, crop farmers, fishermen and hunter-gatherers, who for centuries co-existed peacefully. The strategy is to encourage local processing of logs into sawn timber or timber-based goods. Details of this species in Cameroon. The most endangered species is the Cross River gorilla, a great ape, whose last reported count was 300, spread over 11 scattered sites both in Cameroon and Nigeria. , The wildlife is under threat due to many factors. Cameroon is a Central African country located on the Gulf of Guinea with a great diversity of culture, landscapes, and wildlife. Stuart-Hill G.C. Request PDF | On Jan 1, 2003, D.W. Thomas and others published Tree Species of Southwestern Cameroon: Tree Distribution Maps, Diameter Tables and Species Documentation of the 50 … Climate change, overfishing, poaching and deforestation are just some of the man-made issues that have led many species to the brink of extinction. Vegetation Map of Africa. Of these 7 are endemic species and 20 are specialty species. , The total forest area coverage is reported to be 238,623 hectares (589,650 acres) of which 171,090 hectares (422,800 acres) of closed forest and 65,000 hectares (160,000 acres) is fragmented forest or degraded forests accounting for 27 percent of the total forest area. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. These are: The dense rainforests in the southern region in the hot and humid climatic conditions; the central region of semi-deciduous forests; and the northern region consisting of semi-deciduous forests of wooded savanna with scattered trees. The first forest reserve created was the Mozogo Gokoro Reserve 12 June 1932 and the second in the same year was the Benue Reserve on 19 November 1932. Wooden watering devices being used to irrigate … The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature: With this rich reporting of birds, they are categorized as resident birds (found throughout the year), breeding birds (which breed during the season), and migrants birds found only during specific the seasons and wintering birds which resided here during winter away from the colder regions of the north. Most buffalo grass varieties won't tolerate a lot of rain, however. Mailafiya DM, Le Ru BP, Kairu EW, Dupas S, Calatayud PA. J Insect Sci. Insects.  The African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis) is also present. Depending on the relative abundance, three out of four of the alien fish species introduced in the Mbô Floodplain were est… Most species of sea turtle are suffering from plastic pollution.  Cameroon is an important breeding area for marine and freshwater species such as crustaceans, mollusks, fish, and birds. Western High Plateau 2. The cover of annual species, most notably Sorghum arundinaceum, a dominant annual grass only since the mid‐1980s, decreased in the reflooded zone from 58% to 34%. Following the Earth Summit of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil in 1992, the number of protected areas increased substantially and were well distributed covering all the ten provinces of the country in widely differing topographic, climatic, hydrological and biological conditions. and larvae by Cotesia sesamiae Cameron and reduced numbers of the cob-borer Mussidia nigrivenella Ragonot. In Cameroon, the only form of aquaculture being practised is in freshwater ponds (Satia, N.B.P., 1991).  The habitats of these species include the southern region comprising tropical lowland, coastline on the Gulf of Guinea. Thanks for subscribing! Preuss's Monkey (or Preuss's Guenon) (Cercopithecus preussi). Wikipedia.  Elephants migrate between the Lake Chad region in Chad and Cameroon; 300 to 400 elephants are reported to live here. Cameroon and Bioko: Psalidoprocne fuliginosa, Andropadus tephrolaemus, Phyllastrephus poensis, Phylloscopus herberti, Urolais epichlora, Poliolais lopezi, Nectarinia oritis, Nectarinia ursulae and Nesocharis shelleyi. All links below take … 2006 Nov;32(11):2475-87. doi: 10.1007/s10886-006-9165-1. The trees are also covered with mosses, lichens, and other epiphytes. It has developed considerably in terms of culture techniques and the species cultivated. (Roman Catholicism) Either of the two elements of the Eucharist after they have been consecrated, so named because they retain the image of the bread and wine before their transubstantiation into the body and blood of Christ. You can also meet “doughboys” – single males, (sometimes 2-3 animals) – that are most attractive from the point of view of trophy hunting, though you can also find a good trophy in herd. Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds! The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature: Multi-trophic level interactions in a cassava-maize mixed cropping system in the humid tropics of West Africa. Fine Thatching Grass is a perennial grass. Mt. , Eleven small mammal species are endemic to the ecoregion: Eisentraut's striped mouse (Hybomys eisentrauti), the African wood mouse (Hylomyscus grandis), the Mount Oku rat (Lamottemys okuensis), Mittendorf's striped grass mouse (Lemniscomys mittendorfi), two brush-furred mouse species (Lophuromys dieterleni) and (Lophuromys eisentrauti), the Oku mouse shrew (Myosorex okuensis), the Rumpi mouse shrew (M. rumpii), the western vlei rat (Otomys occidentalis), Hartwig's soft-furred mouse (Praomys hartwigi), and Isabella's shrew (Sylvisorex isabellae). ... wild animal species and several caves. The best way to save sea turtles from plastic pollution is to stop plastic reaching our rivers and seas in the first place. Fine Thatching Grass is a perennial grass. In 1999, three grass species; P. polystachion, Sorghum arundinaceum (Desv.) Distribution, relative importance and effect of lepidopterous borers on maize yields in the forest zone and mid-altitude of Cameroon. Cameroon's rich biodiversity allows it to support 300 species of mammals, 900 species of birds and reptiles are well represented with a collection of snakes, lizards and the rivers are home to populations of crocodiles.  The climatic conditions are of low to highland with equatorial to tropical climate. available through the ABC website. were tested. cogon grass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta ... Cameroon, Ghana and Nigeria, I. cylindrica is most frequently found in transition forest, mountain forest and wet savannah, and is least common in the rain forest and dry savannah (Chikoye et al., 1999). DM yield exceeded 20 t/ha in Australia and South America, and up to 25 t DM/ha in Sri Lanka when 366 kg N/ha fertilizer were applied (Husson et al., 2008; Cook et al., 2005).In the low fertile soils of Coronel Pacheco (Brazil) with no N fertilizer, Congo grass yielded only 6 t DM/ha. In Cameroon, elephant grass Pennisetum purpureum Moench significantly lowered infestations of Busseola fusca (Fuller), Sesamia calamistis Hampson and Eldana saccharina Walker and increased yields of maize … Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla). Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). In Cameroon, 150 snake species have been identified, more than 20% of which are potentially harmful to humans . Feeds mostly on grass. African Bush Elephant. , Though the ecoregion is rich in bird species, birdwatching is a very limited activity here. This has resulted in significant overharvesting and an “endangered” status on the IUCN Red List. Ong'amo GO, Ru BP, Campagne P, Branca A, Calatayud PA, Capdevielle-Dulac C, Silvain JF. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. 2014;2014:696785. doi: 10.1155/2014/696785. This list is generally for established species with truly wild populations— not kept domestichally—that have been seen numerous times, and have breeding populations. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Nine more montane endemic species are shared with Mt. Rodents include the lesser cane rat (Thryonomys gregorianus); Dendromurinae (African climbing mice, fat mice, tree mice, and relatives), and Otomyinae (vlei rats and whistling rats). Within these complexes are numerous smaller ethnic groups whose members pay allegiance to their chief (Fon). The cereal grasses, rice, wheat, maize, barley, oats, sorghum, and millet supply three-fourths of man's energy and over half of his protein. CENTRE REGION Regional capital: Yaoundé Population: 2 272 259 inhabitants Surface area : 68 953 km2 Number of Divisions : 10 Density: 32.96 inhabitants/km2. Eradication and control information and expert advice is also available. For preservation of this species of ape, the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary and the Takamanda National Park have been specifically established in Cameroon. Cameroon bushmeat markets are generally integrated into, or on the edge of, a formal open market. The nearby Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests ecoregion is also known for the endemic species.  Imperata cylindrica (grass) Click here to go back. , The vegetation varies with elevation. If you live in an area where the rain is excessive, this isn't a good turfgrass choice. By contrast, stand losses due to Fusarium verticillioides Sacc. It is a High yielding Sigmodontine rodent from South America. CITES Species Checklist: Cameroon; CITES National Contacts: Cameroon; Pericopsis elata, commonly known as Assamela or Afromosia, has been an important commercial species in Cameroon for over 60 years. Biology and management of economically important lepidopteran cereal stem borers in Africa. The first ponds to be built in the country were dammed ponds that could not be completely emptied, running parallel to the valleys. Other common species are Luzula campestris, Senecio clarenceanus and the endemic Helichrysum mannii (Astaeraceae) and Veronica mannii (Scrophulariaceae). 2003). Although plant diversity and biogeography are poorly known, tree species diversity tends to be low, but the diversity of non-woody plants such as grasses is high. Parasitism of lepidopterous stem borers in cultivated and natural habitats. The Cross River gorilla is the most endangered African ape subspecies. Our forest area located North-East of Yaoundé (Cameroon) is excellent for dwarf buffalo. List of Animals in Cameroon. Elephants are also reported in small numbers. Cameroon’s crater lakes are little laboratories of evolution. coffee bakossi (Gosline 1999) kupemontis (Roberts) a fungi , a new snake species (unidentified); Cameroon mapwith the various ecosystems All information contained in this Report has been examined and certified by the Ministry of Environment and protection of Nature, Cameroon. The main subsistence crops include plantains, beans, potatoes, yams, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), and oil palm in the south and peanuts (groundnuts), millet, and cassava in the north. The species is now restricted to the north part of the island due to agricultural development, such as palm oil plantations, and fires. Bushmeat vendors sometimes set up temporary tables and informal stands along the road, displaying their recently butchered or whole dead animals. All members of this group originally came from an area to the north and migrated in various complex patter… Utilization is by most grazers. Napiergrass, Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.  At the swampy estuary it forms several branches, and is also joined by the Likouala aux Herbes, Likouala, and Ubangi (Oubangui) rivers. Google Scholar 17. Its 22 million hectares of tropical forests are a vital part of the Congo Basin forest ecosystem.  The major river drainage is the Chari subbasin of the Congo Basin, which covers Cameroon and the Central African Republic. Within these complexes there are numerous smaller ethnic groups, which are loosely affiliated with one another and share many historical and political similarities while retaining separate identities. Karehed J, Odulg E: An ethnobotanical study among the Maasai of the Loita Hills, Kenya.  There are 20 protected reserves which include national parks, zoos, forest reserves and sanctuaries. Donate today. NLM Elephants migrate between the Lake Chadregion in Chad and Cameroon; 300 to 400 elephants are reported to live here. 2001 Dec;94(6):1434-44. doi: 10.1603/0022-0493-94.6.1434. Loves water. Pairs of raceme have one or two long, thin, brown awns. Oku Rat (Lamottemys okuensis). Montane forests and savannahs are in the northern region of the country.  In the dense forest areas of the rainforest ecoregion the fauna commonly reported are; red and green monkeys, chimpanzees, mandrills, rodents, bats, and large number of birds like the small sunbirds, giant hawks and eagles. HHS Tourist Attractions: Seat of the political capital of the country. Human-snake contacts occur mainly during field activities, in high grass or forest walks, but also around or in houses in regions of high density of snake population, typically farming regions where grain attracts rodents that, in turn, attract snakes. The grassy woodlands have baboons and many species of antelope. The animal is gregarious, lives in herds of 50-70 species. The NGO not only helps in the rescue and rehabilitation of great apes but also helps in management of a large sanctuary in the Mefou forest. However, two vital Endemic Bird Areas form a major part of Cameroon, Cameroon and Gabon lowlands (EBA 085); which has six species found nowhere else in the world, all of these occur in Cameroon including the mythical Grey-necked Rockfowl. Appropriate actions are under implementation in respect of anti-poaching, research and the promotion of tourism to the rain forests (the mammal species of particular interest are elephants, apes, ranging from western lowland gorilla to chimpanzees and bongo). Rodent in the genus Thomasomys of the family Cricetidae. The common recipe includes lime, lemon, pineapple, fever grass — and the artemisia plant, boiled and drunk as a tea. Typical afromontane species are Nuxia congesta, Podocarpus latifolius, Prunus africana, Rapanea melanophloeos, and Syzygium guineense bamendae. Cameroon is situated in Central Africa, at juncture of the Gulf of Guinea.  Hunting is recorded in the cross border regions of Cameroon. There are also 14 species in common with just Mt Cameroon and not Bioko, adding Andropadus montanus, Phyllastrephus poliocephalus, Laniarius atroflavus, Malaconotus gladiator, Cossypha isabellae and the race Cisticola chubbi discolor (sometimes considered a separate species C. discolor) (Dowsett 1989, Dowsett-Lemaire and Dowsett 1989, 2000, Fotso et al. In Cameroon, this is the cost of exportation per cubic meter of timber, which varies by timber specie. Nuxia congesta, Podocarpus latifolius, Prunus africana, Rapanea melanophloeos, and to escape tolerate... Region ; bush meat trade is reported to live here the three and., pineapple, fever grass — and the species cultivated, Toshova T, Wadhams LJ Woodcock. Of Mount Cameroon and the endemic Helichrysum mannii ( Astaeraceae ) and Veronica mannii ( Scrophulariaceae ) eaten or! Subtropical regions of the African manatee ( Trichechus senegalensis ) is also known for the endemic robusta... 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Insects several critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable species of antelope most buffalo varieties.
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